Manual browser: postalias(1)
|POSTALIAS(1)||General Commands Manual||POSTALIAS(1)|
NAMEpostalias - Postfix alias database maintenance
postalias [-Nfinoprsvw] [-c config_dir] [ -d key] [-q key]
The postalias(1) command creates or queries one or more Postfix alias databases, or updates an existing one. The input and output file formats are expected to be compatible with Sendmail version 8, and are expected to be suitable for the use as NIS alias maps.
- -c config_dir
- Read the main.cf configuration file in the named directory instead of the default configuration directory.
- -d key
Search the specified maps for key and remove one entry per map. The exit status is zero when the requested information was found.
Do not fold the lookup key to lower case while creating or querying a table.
- Incremental mode. Read entries from standard input and do not truncate an existing database. By default, postalias(1) creates a new database from the entries in file_name.
- Include the terminating null character that terminates lookup keys and values. By default, postalias(1) does whatever is the default for the host operating system.
- Don't include the terminating null character that terminates lookup keys and values. By default, postalias(1) does whatever is the default for the host operating system.
- Do not release root privileges when processing a non-root input file. By default, postalias(1) drops root privileges and runs as the source file owner instead.
- Do not inherit the file access permissions from the input file when creating a new file. Instead, create a new file with default access permissions (mode 0644).
- -q key
Search the specified maps for key and write the first value found to the standard output stream. The exit status is zero when the requested information was found.
- When updating a table, do not complain about attempts to update existing entries, and make those updates anyway.
- Retrieve all database elements, and write one line of key: value output for each element. The elements are printed in database order, which is not necessarily the same as the original input order. This feature is available in Postfix version 2.2 and later, and is not available for all database types.
- Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes. Multiple -v options make the software increasingly verbose.
- When updating a table, do not complain about attempts to update existing entries, and ignore those attempts.
The database type. To find out what types are supported, use the " postconf -m" command.
- The output is a btree file, named file_name.db. This is available on systems with support for db databases.
- The output is one file named file_name.cdb. This is available on systems with support for cdb databases.
- The output consists of two files, named file_name.pag and file_name.dir. This is available on systems with support for dbm databases.
- The output is a hashed file, named file_name.db. This is available on systems with support for db databases.
- A table that reliably fails all requests. The lookup table name is used for logging only. This table exists to simplify Postfix error tests.
- The output consists of two files, named file_name.pag and file_name.dir. This is available on systems with support for sdbm databases.
When no file_type is specified, the software uses the database type specified via the default_database_type configuration parameter. The default value for this parameter depends on the host environment.
- The name of the alias database source file when creating a database.
Problems are logged to the standard error stream and to syslogd(8). No output means that no problems were detected. Duplicate entries are skipped and are flagged with a warning.
- Directory with Postfix configuration files.
- Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes.
The following main.cf parameters are especially relevant to this program.
- alias_database (see 'postconf -d' output)
- The alias databases for local(8) delivery that are updated with " newaliases" or with "sendmail -bi".
- config_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
- The default location of the Postfix main.cf and master.cf configuration files.
- berkeley_db_create_buffer_size (16777216)
- The per-table I/O buffer size for programs that create Berkeley DB hash or btree tables.
- berkeley_db_read_buffer_size (131072)
- The per-table I/O buffer size for programs that read Berkeley DB hash or btree tables.
- default_database_type (see 'postconf -d' output)
- The default database type for use in newaliases(1), postalias(1) and postmap(1) commands.
- syslog_facility (mail)
- The syslog facility of Postfix logging.
- syslog_name (see 'postconf -d' output)
- The mail system name that is prepended to the process name in syslog records, so that "smtpd" becomes, for example, "postfix/smtpd".
RFC 822 (ARPA Internet Text Messages)
aliases(5), format of alias database input file.
local(8), Postfix local delivery agent.
postconf(1), supported database types
postconf(5), configuration parameters
postmap(1), create/update/query lookup tables
newaliases(1), Sendmail compatibility interface.
syslogd(8), system logging
Use "postconf readme_directory" or " postconf html_directory" to locate this information.
DATABASE_README, Postfix lookup table overview
The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.
IBM T.J. Watson Research
P.O. Box 704
Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA