Manual browser: msgget(2)
|MSGGET(2)||System Calls Manual||MSGGET(2)|
NAMEmsgget — get message queue identifier
LIBRARYStandard C Library (libc, -lc)
msgget(key_t key, int msgflg);
DESCRIPTIONThe msgget() system call returns the message queue identifier associated with key. A message queue identifier is a unique integer greater than zero.
A message queue is created if either key is equal to IPC_PRIVATE, or key does not have a message queue identifier associated with it and the IPC_CREAT bit is set in msgflg. If both the IPC_CREAT bit and the IPC_EXCL bit are set in msgflg, and key has a message queue identifier associated with it already, the operation will fail.
If a new message queue is created, the data structure associated with it (the msqid_ds structure, see msgctl(2)) is initialized as follows:
- msg_perm.cuid and msg_perm.uid are set to the effective uid of the calling process.
- msg_perm.gid and msg_perm.cgid are set to the effective gid of the calling process.
- msg_perm.mode is set to the lower 9 bits of msgflg.
- msg_qnum, msg_lspid, msg_lrpid, msg_rtime, and msg_stime are set to 0.
- msg_qbytes is set to the system wide maximum value for the number of bytes in a queue (MSGMNB).
- msg_ctime is set to the current time.
RETURN VALUESUpon successful completion a positive message queue identifier is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
- A message queue is already associated with key and the caller has no permission to access it.
- Both IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL are set in msgflg, and a message queue is already associated with key.
- A new message queue could not be created because the system limit for the number of message queues has been reached.
- IPC_CREAT is not set in msgflg and no message queue associated with key was found.
STANDARDSThe msgget system call conforms to X/Open System Interfaces and Headers Issue 5 (“XSH5”).
HISTORYMessage queues appeared in the first release of AT&T System V UNIX.
|May 13, 2004||NetBSD 7.0|