Manual browser: aliases(5)
|ALIASES(5)||File Formats Manual||ALIASES(5)|
NAMEaliases - Postfix local alias database format
The aliases(5) table provides a system-wide mechanism to redirect mail for local recipients. The redirections are processed by the Postfix local(8) delivery agent.
An alias definition has the form
name: value1, value2, ...
- Empty lines and whitespace-only lines are ignored, as are lines whose first non-whitespace character is a `#'.
- A logical line starts with non-whitespace text. A line that starts with whitespace continues a logical line.
The name is a local address (no domain part). Use double quotes when the name contains any special characters such as whitespace, `#', `:', or `@'. The name is folded to lowercase, in order to make database lookups case insensitive.
In addition, when an alias exists for owner-name, delivery diagnostics are directed to that address, instead of to the originator of the message. This is typically used to direct delivery errors to the maintainer of a mailing list, who is in a better position to deal with mailing list delivery problems than the originator of the undelivered mail.
The value contains one or more of the following:
- Mail is forwarded to address, which is compatible with the RFC 822 standard.
- Mail is appended to /file/name. See local(8) for details of delivery to file. Delivery is not limited to regular files. For example, to dispose of unwanted mail, deflect it to /dev/null.
Mail is piped into command. Commands that contain special characters, such as whitespace, should be enclosed between double quotes. See local(8) for details of delivery to command.
Mail is sent to the destinations listed in the named file. Lines in :include: files have the same syntax as the right-hand side of alias entries.
When alias database search fails, and the recipient localpart contains the optional recipient delimiter (e.g., user+foo), the search is repeated for the unextended address (e.g., user).
The local(8) delivery agent always folds the search string to lowercase before database lookup.
REGULAR EXPRESSION TABLES
This section describes how the table lookups change when the table is given in the form of regular expressions. For a description of regular expression lookup table syntax, see regexp_table(5) or pcre_table(5). NOTE: these formats do not use ":" at the end of a pattern.
The local(8) delivery agent disallows regular expression substitution of $1 etc. in alias_maps, because that would open a security hole.
The following main.cf parameters are especially relevant. The text below provides only a parameter summary. See postconf(5) for more details including examples.
- List of alias databases that are updated by the newaliases(1) command.
- List of alias databases queried by the local(8) delivery agent.
- Restrict the usage of mail delivery to external command.
- Restrict the usage of mail delivery to external file.
- When delivering to an alias that has an owner- companion alias, set the envelope sender address to the right-hand side of the owner alias, instead using of the left-hand side address.
- A list of address rewriting or forwarding mechanisms that propagate an address extension from the original address to the result. Specify zero or more of canonical, virtual, alias, forward, include, or generic.
- Give special treatment to owner-listname and listname-request addresses.
- Delimiter that separates recipients from address extensions.
Available in Postfix version 2.3 and later:
- Update the local(8) delivery agent's Delivered-To: address (see prepend_delivered_header) only once, at the start of a delivery; do not update the Delivered-To: address while expanding aliases or .forward files.
RFC 822 (ARPA Internet Text Messages)
local(8), local delivery agent
newaliases(1), create/update alias database
postalias(1), create/update alias database
postconf(5), configuration parameters
Use "postconf readme_directory" or " postconf html_directory" to locate this information.
DATABASE_README, Postfix lookup table overview
The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.
IBM T.J. Watson Research
P.O. Box 704
Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA